Human Trafficking is the process of recruitment and transportation of people by means of deception or force for the purpose of exploitation for money or gain.
It is the action or practice of illegally transporting people from one country or area to another, typically for the purposes of forced labour or commercial sexual exploitation.(Wikipedia)
Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims.
This exploitation most commonly involves:
1. Trafficking for Sexual purposes –prostitution/pornography – 79%
(This includes bestiality, something not often talked about)
2. 76% of transactions for sex with underage girls are conducted via the internet.
3. Bonded labour, also child labour (factories, spaza shops fishermen, farms, plantations, pimping girls) 4. Domestic servitude (house servants)
5. Organ smuggling
6. Body parts for “muti” (witchdoctors)
7. Child brides- “ukuthwala” (the forced marriage of girls)
8. Drug trafficking
More South African facts:
Every 30 seconds a child is trafficked in SA.
The average age of girl being trafficked is 11.
The life-expectancy of a sex-trafficking victim is 5-7 years
Only 1% of victims is found or can escape.
There is an increase in the trafficking of boys for pornography, drug trafficking and begging in SA.
The HAWKS continues to identify Nigerian sex trafficking syndicates operating between the North West, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal.
Nigerian traffickers also operate in the Western Cape.
There were upsetting reports by teachers and learners from various schools across SA where children were being approached by strangers and taking pictures of children.
Many victims do not want to testify in court because of fear.
There is not enough shelters for trafficking victims in SA and also a lack of “Phase B shelters.”
Source: Stop Trafficking